Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster mushroom "Cendawan Tiram")
The Oyster mushroom (Hiratake, píng gū, 平菇) is a natural source of the statin drug Lovastatin (brand name: Mevacor, Altoprev), a drug used to lower cholesterol. Tests have shown the oyster mushroom contains up to 2.8% Lovastatin on a dry weight basis. Animal research has demonstrated that oyster mushroom consumption lowers cholesterol levels. Research has also shown the oyster mushroom has anti-cancer properties. In vitro research has shown oyster mushrooms can reduce the growth of human breast and colon cancer cells. An in vivo experiment showed a beta-glucan isolated from the mushroom reduced colon cancer growths and increased antioxidant activities in rats. An in vivo experiment, demonstrated the mushroom's anti-cancer activity in rats with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine induced cancer.
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